Community Ideas for Criminal Legal System Reform

Use of Force:

  • Ban using force for talking back or as a punishment for walking away
  • Ban chokeholds, strangle holds, hog-tying, and similar tactics
  • Require de-escalation
  • Employs and requires use of force continuum
  • Require warning before shooting
  • Restrict shooting at moving vehicles
  • Require exhaustion of all other means before shooting
  • Require office duty to intervene when these practices are not employed
  • Requires comprehensive reporting

Demilitarization:

  • Using federal grant money to purchase military equipment (Ex: Montana law)
  • Deploying armored vehicles, weaponized aircraft, drones, Stingray surveillance equipment, camouflage uniforms, and grenade launchers
  • Using SWAT teams unless there is an emergency situation or imminent threat to life and high-ranking officers have given approval (Ex: Cincinnati PD Policy)
  • Conducting no-knock raids (Ex: Oregon law bans all no-knock raids)
  • Accessing federal grant money or purchasing military equipment if the department has been recently found to demonstrate a “pattern or practice” of discriminatory policing
  • In addition to these restrictions, wherever possible agencies should seek to return to the federal government the military equipment that has already been received (Ex: San Jose)

Police Unions & Contract Negotiations:

  1. Disqualifying misconduct complaints that are submitted too many days after an incident occurs or if an investigation takes too long to complete
  2. Preventing police officers from being interrogated immediately after being involved in an incident or otherwise restricting how, when, or where they can be interrogated
  3. Giving officers access to information that civilians do not get prior to being interrogated
  4. Requiring cities to pay costs related to police misconduct including by giving officers paid leave while under investigation, paying legal fees, and/or the cost of settlements. By placing the cost on cities and taxpayers rather than their own budgets or salaries, there is zero incentive for law enforcement to hold themselves or each other accountable.
  5. Preventing information on past misconduct investigations from being recorded or retained in an officer’s personnel file
  6. Limiting disciplinary consequences for officers or limiting the capacity of civilian oversight structures and/or the media to hold police accountable.

Deescalation & Racial Bias Training:

  • Implicit bias
  • Procedural justice
  • Relationship-based policing
  • Community interaction
  • Crisis intervention, mediation, conflict resolution, and rumor control
  • Appropriate engagement with youth
  • Appropriate engagement with LGBTQ, transgender and gender nonconforming individuals
  • Appropriate engagement with individuals who are english language learner
  • Appropriate engagement with individuals from different religious affiliations
  • Appropriate engagement with individuals who are differently abled
  • De-escalation and minimizing the use of force
  • law enforcement certification
  • the hiring process
  • performance evaluations
  • decisions about whether an officer should be deployed to communities of color

Predictive Policing on the Police:

Divest in Law Enforcement, Invest in Community Programs:

  • Reduces the murder rate by 9%
  • Reduces violent crime rate by 6%
  • Reduces property crime rate by 4%

Police Oversight Boards:

  • Investigator-focused models enlist non-police civilian investigators to look into complaints against officers. These agencies tend to have individuals with specialized training.
  • Review-focused models oversee internal affairs investigations and make recommendations about operations to police. These review boards tend to be staffed by volunteers and community members — an approach that can make the board seem more responsive to the community.
  • Auditing model agencies fall in between the first two models and focus attention on broad patterns of officer misconduct rather than individual incidents.
  • Have independence from law enforcement — which is necessary to ensure unbiased reviews of cases.
  • The authority to either discipline officers or recommend discipline of officers that department leaders will then enforce.
  • Have sufficient resources of funding and manpower to effectively oversee departmental activities.
  • Resources and authority to maintain accurate data, and foster robust relationships with city officials and community members.
  • Representation from over-policed neighborhoods and marginalized communities, and a clear application and nominating process
  • Publicly noticed and scheduled meetings where community can attend, observe, and testify
  • Although it is the most expensive type of oversight body, the investigator-focused model is best equipped to enforce police accountability, because this type has the expertise, authority, and independence necessary to conduct credible and thorough investigations.

Establish non-police alternatives to 911 calls involving people with mental illness:

End Opposition to Criminal Justice Reform Efforts in Florida’s State Legislature:

End the Criminalization of Poverty:

Let Kids Be Kids:

Protect Immigrant Communities:

  • Not voluntarily enrolling your office or its deputies in ICE programs that authorize local law enforcement officers to enforce federal immigration enforcement, such as 287(g), Warrant Service Officer (WSO), or Basic Ordering Agreement (BOA).
  • Ending any 287g contract you may have with federal imigration authorities, and instead adopting programs that eliminate any deputization of local law enforcement as ICE agents.
  • Not voluntarily honoring or enforcing ICE detainers or warrants that seek to have your office hold individuals in custody beyond when they would otherwise be released pursuant to a court order.
  • Implement or support your county commision in a policy of deprioritizing or decriminalizing driving without a license, to prevent immigrant families for being torn apart due to minor traffic infractions
  • Honor Community or Municipal IDs issued by your local government as a form of valid identification in your county.
  • Publically support statewide legislation providing drivers license for all, including undocumented immigrants, to ensure our roads are safe and undocumented Floridians can legally drive free from fear.
  • Prohibit both jail personnel and deputies from sharing information with ICE beyond what is required by federal or state law.
  • Ensure all personnel should be regularly trained on the policy and policy violations should result in significant consequences.
  • Ensure that undocumented immigrants have access to in-person visitation.

Mandatory Body Cams:

  • record all interactions with subjects who have not requested to be kept anonymous
  • notify subjects that they have the option to remain anonymous and stop recording/storing footage if they choose this option
  • allow civilians to review footage of themselves or their relatives and request this be released to the public and stored for at least two years
  • require body and dash cam footage to be stored externally and ensure district attorneys and civilian oversight structures have access to the footage
  • require police departments, whenever they want to deny a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for body or dash cam footage, to prove in court that the footage constitutes a legitimate FOIA exemption (Ex: Illinois House Bill 4355)
  • permanently delete footage after 6 months if this footage hasn’t been specifically requested to be stored
  • include a disciplinary matrix clearly defining consequences for officers who fail to adhere to the agency’s body camera policy.
  • consider whether cameras or mandated footage are tampered with or unavailable as a negative evidentiary factor in administrative and criminal proceedings
  • prevent officers from reviewing footage of an incident before completing initial reports, statements or interviews about an incident
  • prohibit footage from being used in tandem with facial recognition software, as fillers in photo arrays, or to create a database or pool of mugshots. (Ex: Baltimore PD Body Cam Policy)
  • update privacy laws to protect civilians from having video or audio recordings released publicly that do not contain potential evidence in a use-of-force incident, discharge of a weapon or death.

The Right to Record Police:

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Orlandoan, daughter of working class immigrants and UCF grad elected to serve FL HD47. Working for you, fighting for us. #OnwardWithAnna

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Anna V. Eskamani

Anna V. Eskamani

Orlandoan, daughter of working class immigrants and UCF grad elected to serve FL HD47. Working for you, fighting for us. #OnwardWithAnna

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